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Material Recovery Facility (MRF)

The City of Brandon Material Recovery Facility is located at the Eastview Landfill Site at 765 33rd Street East. This facility has been in operation since 2003 and has been operated by the City of Brandon since 2014.

In 2015 over 7.5 million kgs of recyclable materials were delivered to the facility by either City collection crews or by commercial customers of the facility. This facility is considered a single stream facility as all materials; paper, fibers, plastics, metals and other containers are mixed in a single collection truck rather than being sorted at the curb into different compartments within the truck.

The facility is operated by a staff of four people who sort the materials into four (4) basic categories.

  1. Old Corrugated Cardboard (OCC) – This is one of only two commodities that are separated in the facility and marketed.
  2. Shredded Paper – This commodity is also sorted and marketed direct from this facility.
  3. Commingled Recyclables – This is all other recyclable materials that are accepted under the Multi Material Stewardship Manitoba (MMSM) program.
  4. Residue – This is any material not currently accepted through the MMSM program.

Each of the three (3) recyclable material categories are sorted, baled and then loaded on trailers where they are either marketed or are transported to another MRF where the comingled materials are sorted into specific commodities and then sold to processors who convert the product back into raw materials

At certain points in the process each item you recycle is turned into something new. See below what each items may become.

 

Plastic bottles and jars

  1. Baled according to the plastic type and shredded into plastic flakes (pelletized).
  2. Depending on the original plastic, these flakes are used to manufacture different materials:
  • Pullover sweatshirts
  • Pillow stuffing
  • Carpet backing
  • Plastic lumber (playgrounds)
  • Blue boxes and compost bins
  • Consumer bottles
  • Ice scrapers
  • Industrial packing cases
  • Automotive battery cases.

 

Food and beverage cans

  1. Aluminum cans are crushed and then baled into a large block.
  2. The aluminum is melted down and reformed into more aluminum cans.
  3. Metal tins and cans are baled and then melted down to be turned into scrap metal, which can be used to make new steel/metal products, such as rebar.

 

Tetra Pak containers and milk cartons

Tetra Pak’s are made up of paper, aluminum lining, and a plastic coating.

  1. Each container is separated into different material types (hydro-pulped).
  2. This separated paper fiber is used in toilet tissue, cardboard boxes and other paper products.
  3. Gable top cartons are made only of paper and plastic. Each container is hydro-pulped, separated into paper and plastic. This high quality separated paper fiber is used to make industrial paper products.

 

Boxboard, mixed waste paper, newspaper, and cardboard

These materials are recycled separately, but using the same processing steps.

  1. The materials are hydro-pulped to break up the paper into separate fibers.
  2. Contaminants such as wire, plastic, string and globs of glue are screened out and the pulp is de-inked.
  3. The watery pulp is then sprayed onto flat wire screens and the water is drained from the pulp.
  4. Recycled fibres bond together as they move through a series of press rollers which squeeze out more water.
  5. The paper-resembling sheets are then pressed through heated metal rollers which dry the paper.
  6. The pulp from each material is then recycled in the following ways:
  7. The pulp from boxboard is strong and used to make industrial paper products such as cardboard.
    • The pulp from mixed waste paper is used to make newsprint, magazines, writing paper, books etc.
    • The pulp from newspapers is used to make newsprint paper or used in making roof and felt paper for the construction industry.
    • The pulp from corrugated cardboard is used to make new cardboard products, paperboard, egg cartons etc.

 

Help Reduce Contamination

Placing unacceptable materials in the recycling cart negatively impacts the recycling process as these must be removed at the processing facility. It's far easier, and less costly, if we all do our part to ensure that we are only placing acceptable materials into the recycling cart.

Some examples of contaminated recycling are as follows:

  1. Black bags – the use of black bags in the recycling cart (blue lid) is due to the fact we discourage our staff members from opening these bags due to the potential health risk that may be incurred. In the past employees working on the sort line have been pricked by needles, broken glass and other items that puncture the skin. These situations cause stress to the individual as in the case of hypodermic needles these could be carrying diseases that can be transferred to the employee and pose a serious health risk. If it is required that you bag your recyclables, please use clear bags.
  2. Styrofoam – This is a # 6 plastic that is often times found in disposable plates and cups, meat trays, carry-out containers and some plastic cutlery. Number 6 plastics can release potentially toxic breakdown products, especially when heated.
  3. Vinyl or PVC – These are # 3 plastics are generally found in children’s toys, fashion accessories, shower curtains and detergent and spray bottles. It is also used in some cling wraps.
  4. Yard waste – This item can now be composted using the green cart program, however if you are not in the program, when disposing of this material at home please use the black lidded cart. Grass or any other organic material should never be placed in the blue lidded cart. There are a number of yard waste depots located throughout the City where you can take excess yard waste or it can be taken directly to the Eastview Landfill Site for proper disposal and processing.

To make a more informed decision on what you should and should not place in your recycling cart (blue lid) please check out the waste wizard. If the item you are checking does not come up in your search please contact the Sanitation Section by email at sanitation@brandon.ca or by calling 204-729-2281.

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